Section 114.101 of the Estates Code

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Effect of Transfer on Death Deed During Transferor's Life.
During a transferor's life, a transfer on death deed does not:
(1) affect an interest or right of the transferor or any other owner, including:
(A) the right to transfer or encumber the real property that is the subject of the deed;
(B) homestead rights in the real property, if applicable; and
(C) ad valorem tax exemptions, including exemptions for residence homestead, persons 65 years of age or older, persons with disabilities, and veterans;
(2) affect an interest or right of a transferee of the real property that is the subject of the deed, even if the transferee has actual or constructive notice of the deed;
(3) affect an interest or right of a secured or unsecured creditor or future creditor of the transferor, even if the creditor has actual or constructive notice of the deed;
(4) affect the transferor's or designated beneficiary's eligibility for any form of public assistance, subject to applicable federal law;
(5) constitute a transfer triggering a "due on sale" or similar clause;
(6) invoke statutory real estate notice or disclosure requirements;
(7) create a legal or equitable interest in favor of the designated beneficiary; or
(8) subject the real property to claims or process of a creditor of the designated beneficiary.
Added 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 841 (S.B. 462)

Editor Comments

This section of the Texas Real Property Transfer on Death Act fully adopts the substance of Section 12 of the Uniform Real Property Transfer on Death Act.

However, the TRPTODA provides more specifics than the Uniform Act. Subdivision (1) was expanded and new Subdivisions (5) and (6) were inserted.

The section details an important attribute of a transfer on death deed: it has no effect during the transferor's life on the legal rights or duties of any person.

Steve Smith

Court Decisions

No appellate court decision has interpreted any section of the TRPTODA.

Legal Commentaries

No published legal commentary addresses this section of the TRPTODA.

Uniform Act Text

Section 12. Effect of Transfer on Death Deed During Transferor's Life.
During a transferor's life, a transfer on death deed does not:
(1) affect an interest or right of the transferor or any other owner, including the right to transfer or encumber the property;
(2) affect an interest or right of a transferee, even if the transferee has actual or constructive notice of the deed;
(3) affect an interest or right of a secured or unsecured creditor or future creditor of the transferor, even if the creditor has actual or constructive notice of the deed;
(4) affect the transferor's or designated beneficiary's eligibility for any form of public assistance;
(5) create a legal or equitable interest in favor of the designated beneficiary; or
(6) subject the property to claims or process of a creditor of the designated beneficiary.
Approved by ULC in 2009 (Uniform Act)

Uniform Act Comment

The official comments to the Uniform Act provide authoritative commentary regarding the drafters' intent.

For example, the comment to Section 12 states in part:

A transfer on death deed does not affect transferees, whether or not they have notice of the deed. Like a will, the transfer on death deed is ambulatory. It has no effect on inter vivos transfers.

The full comment is available on the Uniform Law Commission website.