Article V of the Texas Constitution

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Texas Constitution of 1876

The official title of Article V is "Judicial Department."

The Texas judiciary has two high courts: the Supreme Court handles civil law matters and the Court of Criminal Appeals handles criminal law matters. Oklahoma is the only other state that has two courts of last resort.

Another distinctive feature of the Texas judiciary is that most of the state's judges run for office in contested elections. Efforts to change to another system (e.g., merit selection with retention elections) have always failed.

On Texas Legal Guide, each section of the state constitution has its own page: