Article I, Section 30 of the Texas Constitution ("Rights of Crime Victims")
Added November 7, 1989:
(a) A crime victim has the following rights: (1) the right to be treated with fairness and with respect for the victim's dignity and privacy throughout the criminal justice process; and (2) the right to be reasonably protected from the accused throughout the criminal justice process.
(b) On the request of a crime victim, the crime victim has the following rights: (1) the right to notification of court proceedings; (2) the right to be present at all public court proceedings related to the offense, unless the victim is to testify and the court determines that the victim's testimony would be materially affected if the victim hears other testimony at the trial; (3) the right to confer with a representative of the prosecutor's office; (4) the right to restitution; and (5) the right to information about the conviction, sentence, imprisonment, and release of the accused.
(c) The Legislature may enact laws to define the term "victim" and to enforce these and other rights of crime victims.
(d) The State, through its prosecuting attorney, has the right to enforce the rights of crime victims.
(e) The Legislature may enact laws to provide that a judge, attorney for the State, peace officer, or law enforcement agency is not liable for a failure or inability to provide a right enumerated in this section. The failure or inability of any person to provide a right or service enumerated in this section may not be used by a defendant in a criminal case as a ground for appeal or post-conviction writ of habeas corpus. A victim or guardian or legal representative of a victim has standing to enforce the rights enumerated in this section but does not have standing to participate as a party in a criminal proceeding or to contest the disposition of any charge.
This section adds several rights for "crime victims" to the state constitution.
More than thirty other states have adopted similar constitutional provisions.
- Vernon's Annotated Constitution of the State of Texas (this multi-volume and up-to-date resource is available at all law libraries and many municipal libraries)
- The Texas State Constitution: A Reference Guide (this one-volume resource is available at most law libraries and some municipal libraries)
- The Constitution of the State of Texas: An Annotated and Comparative Analysis (this two-volume resource is available at most law libraries and some municipal libraries)
- Constitution of the State of Texas (1876) (this resource is published and maintained by the University of Texas School of Law)
- Amendments to the Texas Constitution Since 1876 (this resource is published and regularly updated by the Legislative Council)
- Reports Analyzing Proposed Amendments (this resource is published and regularly updated by the Legislative Reference Library)