Article VII, Section 3a of the Texas Constitution
This section was repealed August 5, 1969.
The former section, added in 1909 and never amended, validated the existence and bonds of every school district.
Categorized as "deadwood," it and numerous other sections were repealed by the same ballot proposition in 1969.
- Parks v. West, 111 S.W. 726, 727-28 (Tex. 1908) ("By authorizing the creation of districts 'within all or any of the counties' the Constitution impliedly commands that they be not created otherwise. . . . This power is expressly given and is so defined as to exclude any broader one applicable to the formation of such districts. No definition can be given of the words of the phrase in question which will make them embrace districts not comprehended by the lines of any county, but covering parts of several counties. Any construction that would do that would not only contradict the language of the amendment but would leave the phrase under consideration without any operation whatever.")
- Vernon's Annotated Constitution of the State of Texas (this multi-volume and up-to-date resource is available at all law libraries and many municipal libraries)
- The Texas State Constitution: A Reference Guide (this one-volume resource is available at most law libraries and some municipal libraries)
- The Constitution of the State of Texas: An Annotated and Comparative Analysis (this two-volume resource is available at most law libraries and some municipal libraries)
- Constitution of the State of Texas (1876) (this resource is published and maintained by the University of Texas School of Law)
- Amendments to the Texas Constitution Since 1876 (this resource is published and regularly updated by the Legislative Council)
- Reports Analyzing Proposed Amendments (this resource is published and regularly updated by the Legislative Reference Library)